Intro to Psych blog, summer 2006

Sunday, July 09, 2006

What specific temperaments does the Keirsey Temperament Sorter identify? List the personality types that are identified by the Keirsey Temperament Sorter and explain how they are derived from these temperaments.

Temperament 1- Rationals

Rational personality types
Ex. Albert Einstein- A classical example of an inventor. He was a prodigy when it came to inventions, so much so that he actually worked for awhile at a patent office fixing other people's inventions.

Architects
These are the people who tend to look at the world and design it. They don't like to be in charge of other people. They are rational because they see the world as building blockas and are constantly thinking of ways to make it better and how to use the elements to construct something different.

Masterminds
These are the born leaders. They are the most confident and have the strongest will. They are rational in he fact they naturally organize and shape situations to the most efficient and self-beneficial outcome.

Inventors
These are the rationals who start out early in their life looking for new ways to get things done. In order to make life more efficient, they use their problem solving and engineering minds to come up with new gadgets and solutions for many complex problems.

FieldMarshals
Fieldmarshals are systematic organizers and natural leaders. They have tendencies to direct groups and a natural urge to develop efficient systems to work toards a common goal. They are rational thinkers because they tend to not let personal feelings and situations get in their way when they work towards a desired outcome.


Temperament 2- Idealists

Idealist personality types
Ex. Mandas Gandhi- A superior idealist. His thought process was revolutionary in that it made the world a better place for alot of people. His ideal nature saw the good in himself and the justice in the world and his nonviolent methods helped millions of others see the good in themselves.

Healers
The healer personality type is one filled with fantasy and love. They care passionately for close loved ones and dedicate much of their lives to helping the rest of the world. They are idealist in the fact they believe most of the world is basically good, but sdespite this they have an erroneous belief that there is some evil within themselves.

Counselors
These people are introverted, empathic, and helpful. They work constantly to help people around them but are only close to a select few. They lead private lives because it is generally easy for them to be hurt by others. They are idealists because they work witrh others to make their lives better and have a keen understanding of people's feelings, maybe even more so than the people themselves.

Champions
The champions see the world as dramatic, and they value every decision made as critical. They are idealists because they constantly are trying to be as real as possible and they see this as a goa others shoul strive for as well. Champions also have an intuition to sense other people's motives.

Teachers
This group of people has a natural tendency to bring out the best in those that follow them. They have an innate skill of leading people and in doing so, develop their followrs. The are idealists because they bring out skills and develop talents in people that they may not have known they posessed, and teachers strive to develop the world one person at a time.

Temperament 3- Artisans

Artisan personaliy types
Ex. Elvis Presley- A born performer. From the time he was a child he craved attention. He loved to mimic artists and musicians, and his ability to entertain a crowd is legendary.

The composers
The composer is an artist who uses any of the five senses in their work. They have an ability to manipulate texture, sound, effect, etc.. and bring it all into harmony so that their work is ideally crafted and superior. They tend to have a mastery or skilled uniqueness with their artform.

The Crafters
The crafter is a directive artist who specifies themselves on the skills of tool mastry. They become adept at their craft or art because they are superior in use of almost any tool, and from an early age they have a curiousity towards learning their tools that develops into a near obsession.

The performers
This group's art is more general because it is basically entertaining others. They have a natural tendency to please those round them because they know how to work a crowd. Whether it be singing, dancing, or teling jokes, the performer loves to be the center of attention

The promoters
Promoters are like crafters, except- instead of actual 'tools' they are skilled at manipulating people. Their art is the art of social dynamics. They know what to say or do in most situations to get things happening.

Temperament 4- Guardians

Guardian personality types
Ex. Mother Teresa- She had a profound sense of compassion and love for the underpriviliged in the world and did everything she could to help protect them and nurture them despite the harsh conitions she faced herself.

Inspectors
This type of people are known to be very dependable. They keep track of goods, services, and institutions, and pride themselves on the responsibility of quality from the goods and services they maintain. Basically, they guard consumers from fraud and low quality products.

Protectors
The protectors pride themselves in working steadfastly at guarding people from life'sperils and pitfalls. They are honest and trustworthy, and they are known to do the best they can to assure people's quality of life and safety.

Supervisors
This sect of people guard the rules and regulations of an institution or part of society from being broken. They also keep track of those beneath them and their quality of work, and they are unafraid to make suggestions towards change and hold people accountable.


After taking the test yourself, do you agree with your scored profile? Why or why not?

Yes, the test stated that I was an idealist.
I, for the most part, do believe that humanity is good at its core. I guess I would put myself in the 'Champions' category because I think I have a pretty good sense of understanding people's true motivations. I also definitely value intense emotional experiences because I am a hopeless romantic by nature. But I do have somewhat of a negative self image and that tends to hinder me as well.


Unit Wrap-Up

I thought this unit was mostly easy to understand. The unit on prejudice brought forth some new insights to me on why people think what they do.

Friday, June 30, 2006

In the past century, we have reduced our average sleep time by 20 percent. Going back 20 years, identify societal changes and changes in individual lifestyles that encourage wakefulness and discourage sleep.

The advent of the internet. People stay up later because the internet holds their attention.
The rising popularity of television keeps more and more people up later, especially because the ‘adult’ shows are on later.

Caffeine- with the growing popularity of cafes (Starbucks is open until 11), and high energy drinks (Monster, Red Bull), people have ingested more and more caffeine to keep themselves awake longer.

The party lifestyle- With the growing popularity of clubs, nightspots, and all night parties, adolescents to young adults are painstakingly forfeiting their sleep time for long nights of fun and social mingling.

Rising drug use- Drug use has grown considerably, and there is a huge correlation between this disturbing trend and sleep deprivation. Especially with the high use nowadays of strimulants such as ecstasy and cocaine.



Many more women than men suffer from chronic sleep loss. What social, psychological, and physiological factors might account for this gender difference?

Women have a higher demand on them nowadays than before, now that they are both working and maintaining the household. With more work to do and the same amount of daytime to do it, they are losing sleep.

More women nowadays are single mothers, and with no one in the house to help calm the crying baby in the middle of the night, they are often groggy during the day.

As single mothers, it is more difficult for them to support their children so they have to work longer hours and more jobs to pay the cost of raising a child on their own.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, twice as many women suffer from depression as men. Depression can cause sleep deprevation and erratic sleeping patterns.

Women who are going through menopause or their menstrual cycles are more likely to lose sleep because of psychological stress or physical uncomfortability.



Ninety-five percent of individuals that suffer from sleep disorders are never diagnosed or treated for their disorder. What factors might explain why sleep disorders often go untreated and undiagnosed.

2/3 of all people never talk about their sleep habits with their physicians.

With the rise in popularity of over-the-counter medicine, people erringly think they can deal with the problem on their own, without paying for a doctor’s assistance.

Many people voluntarily deprive themselves of sleep because they are busier during the day and are willing to lose sleep to get more done.



Wrap Up

I thought the unit on sleep was very educational. I did not know that sleep problems were so prevalent in society and that there were so many different types of sleep disorders.

I suffered from sleep apnea before I lost all my weight and would often sleep 15 hour days because of it, yet I had no idea I suffered. After I lost the weight, I was able to actually feel okay after only sleeping 8 hours and my daytime productivity sharply inclined.

Sunday, June 25, 2006

My activities for the 18 month old children would be as follows...

1. The children would be brought outside (on fair weather days) and a blanket would be laid inside a couple of large playpens. The children would then be placed on the blanket in the playpens, 3 children per playpen, and they would be watched on all sides by qualified caregivers. Several toys would be placed inside the playpens with the children and the babies would be allowed to play with each other and the toys for a little while. After a little while of playing with the toys, a puppy would be brought out for each playpen and the babies would be well supervised with the puppy and would be allowed to pet it and play with it.

The 2nd activity will be an indoor activity. The babies will be given different light up Fisher Price musical toys, and in order to keep their attention, the toys will be alternated between babies.

These activities are designed to provide maximum entertainment and stimuli to help develop the babies' sensorimotor skills. Since babies around this age are most responsive to stimuluis provided from their main physical senses i.e. sight, sound, touch. They will be intrigued by the toys and the soft puppies and it is the most likely way to make them happy and appease their needs.


Activities for the 5 year olds would be...

1. On a fair weather day, it would be a good idea to take the children outside and arrange a field trip to a farm where they can learn about the equipment, how it works, and all about how hard the farmers work and why. While they are there, they will also learn how the animals are taken care of, fed, and how to act around them in certain situations like when they get excited or when they are pregnant, etc...

2. For an indoor activity, the children will be given large sheets of paper and crayons, and they will be asked to draw their best friends at the camp and their favorite places to play, and explain what they like about their friends and those places.

These activities are designed to help educate the children and keep theirinterest as well. The farm activity will get them out and open their minds to apart of culture that they may have not been exposed to. It may also get them thinking and inspire them in the future to be part of the agricultural workforce. it will also help them see how certain problems that farmers have todeal with are solved, and will flex the children's thinking by exposing them to some problem solving skills dealing with both machine and animal. The drawing activity will promote the children to view familiar people and places from their peer's perspectives. They will see each other from different, new angles andwill help them to grow less egocentric and get along better as well. Egocentrism and lack of problem solving type thinking are two aspects of the preoperational stage, and both of these activities will promote development in these mental arenas for children of this age.


Activities for the 8 year olds would be...

1. On a fair weather day, it would be a good idea to take the children outside and on a hike. On the hike though, to keep them interested, they will be given a sheet of paper with pictures of different things to look for such as bugs, different types of leaves, etc... Whenever a child stops and sees an item on the list, the hike will pause and every child will get to see up close, what that thing really looks like. And at the end of the hike the peson who spotted the most things on the list gets a reward certificate.

2. Indoors, an activity that would engage the children would be to have the children put on plays. They would use different old clothes donated by people for costumes and the play would be chosen from a list of short stories or jokes that the children have read and liked.

The hike will help develop the skills attained during the concrete operational stage, which is the stage the children are in. It will engage the children's minds and they will have to match the features on the pictures to the features on real life creatures, and they will have to do it the other way as well so it will stretch the children's observational and detecting skills. The play activity will help the children use their teamwork skills to achieve a desired goal of a quality performance.


Activities for the 12 year olds would be...

1. As an indoor or outdoor activity, depending on the weather, the children will be taken to the other part of the (or another) camp where the 5 year old children are and put on a puppet show for the children there. The puppet show will be written by the 12 year olds with slight guidance from the adults, and it will be themed so that they will positively teach the 5 year olds how they should act in different negative situations (like say no to drugs, etc...).

2. Indoors or outdoors- The blind guess game can be played with the children.This is the game where you tape an index card on the child's forehead and on that index card is listed a professional career. The child has to go around to other children and ask them different questions with a yes or no answer until they find out what career they have. Questions like: Do I travel Far, Do I servepeople, Is this job for the government, etc...

The first activity will put the children's formal operational minds to work because they will have to come up with different situations that other children might be put in and they will have to teach the young ones what they should or should not do in those situations. They will also use humor and make the shows interactive enough to keep the attention of the younger children. The 2nd activity will definitely stress the use of logical problem solving and imagination because they will have to come up with unique questions and contemplate the many careers that may apply to the answers of those questions.


Activities for 18 year olds...

1. They will be taught Piaget's theory of developmental stages and have to go to each camp for younger children and come up with activities for them, just like what Im doing, except put to use in real life.

2. They will be put to work for one day for the build-a-home foundation.

The first activity will help nurture the young adult's skills with working with children, which will get them thinking about the future and help them develop skills for working with their own children that they may have. The 2nd activity will stress social dynamics in a group setting- teamwork, compromise, and selflessness. It may also inspire them to make some changes in their own lives and encourage their charitability.


Wrap-Up

I learned alot on what people thought about TV violence through our discussion in WebCT. Most people see it as a detriment to society in the fact that children tend to learn from what they see and mimic its behavior. Ive seen that the statistics show that after children watch a violent act on television, they become more aggressive themselves and may imitate it even later inlife.

My view on the subject is that TV, the media, all of that is a creation of society. People tend to blame the writers and creators of violence and pornography for the destabilizing of our culture, but the only reason it is supplied at such a high rate is because we have such a high demand for it. It's easy to point the finger at others for problems we face, but the truth is is that those problems are created by ourselves in most cases. So we must not onlyfix the external sources of our problems, but we must also look inward.

-JPG

Wednesday, June 14, 2006

Genetics
http://www.dnafiles.org/interact/brca/index.html

-Did you have any difficulty making any of the choices? Why or why not?
No. Because I do not believe fear should determine your choices when making life decisions. I believe that life is entropy, that the dice will roll any way they can... it doesn't matter what you do, as long as you act with conviction and morals, because the only thing that decides the outcome of life is chaos , and the only person who judges you is God. I am what you might call a non-demonotional religious existentialist.

-If you had a history of breast cancer in your family (men are not immune), would you want to have genetic testing done to determine your risk? Why or why not?
No, because you will find out if it happens. Again, there is no point living in fear.

-What would you advise your children to do if you had a family history of breast cancer?
I would let them know because they have that right, and I would let them make the decision on what to do, but I would tell them when they were mature enough to make that decision with the ability to understand the circumstances.

-Would the knowledge that you are carrying the gene(s) for a potential fatal disorder influence your decision to have children? Why or why not?
No, because again, you can not let fear drive you in life, you must take the wheel and steer.

-Given the advances in the genetics of diseases, you may well be faced with making choices such as these in the near future. The test for one of the breast cancer genes is available now.
Interesting.


Biology
http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/neurok.html

-Is it true that people only use 10 percent of their total brain capacity? How did this fact (or falsehood) originate?
No, it is not true, we use all of our brain. The myth may have started with many people or someone could have been misquoted.
"The 10% statement may have been started with a misquote of Albert Einstein or the misinterpretation of the work of Pierre Flourens in the 1800s. It may have been William James who wrote in 1908: "We are making use of only a small part of our possible mental and physical resources" (from The Energies of Men, p. 12). Perhaps it was the work of Karl Lashley in the 1920s and 1930s that started it. Lashley removed large areas of the cerebral cortex in rats and found that these animals could still relearn specific tasks. We now know that destruction of even small areas of the human brain can have devastating effects on behavior. That is one reason why neurosurgeons must carefully map the brain before removing brain tissue during operations for epilepsy or brain tumors: they want to make sure that essential areas of the brain are not damaged."

-What ever became of Albert Einstein's brain? Did Einstein's brain differ physically from the average human brain?
There are many small differences in Einstein's brain in comparison to normal men's brains, such as- it weighed LESS than a normal man's brain, it packed more neurons, etc... it is unknown what those differences mean if anything.
"Albert Einstein died at 1:15 am on April 18, 1955 at Princeton Hospital in New Jersey. Later that day, Princeton Hospital pathologist Dr. Thomas Harvey performed an autopsy on Einstein and removed Einstein's brain. Harvey cut the brain into 240 pieces. He was very protective of the brain and kept it jars at his house. Over the years, Harvey gave several pieces of the brain to different researchers including Dr. Marian Diamond (UC Berkeley), Dr. Britt Anderson (University of Alabama) and Dr. Sandra Witelson (McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario). Harvey moved around the country and he always brought the brain with him. Eventually, Harvey moved back to New Jersey. In 1996, Harvey brought the remaining pieces of Einstein's brain to Dr. Elliot Krauss, chief pathologist at Princeton Hospital.."

-Throughout history, people have compared the brain to different inventions, such as the telephone. What is the current metaphor for the brain? In what ways does this metaphor hold up? In what ways does it fail? (Hint: State the similarities and differences between the brain and this invention.)
The Brain is compared to a computer.
The Brain uses neurons, computers use electricity.
The brain's neurons are fired in relation to amont of stimuli and excitability, the computer is binary meaning it's either on or off.
The brain grows adding synaptic connections, a computer grows by adding more memory chips.
it is easier for the brain to learn new things, but more difficult for the brain to multitask as good as a computer system.
Physically, the brain has not changed much in 100,00 years, but computers are exponentially evolving at an accelerated pace.
The brain needs nutrients, computers need electricity.
The brain can not be fixed as easily as a computer system.
The brain is constantly changing itself and never turns off.
The computer performs logical tasks quicker, but the brain has an imagination and interprets the outside world better.
Scientists can explain everything about computers, the brain is still being figured out.

Unit Wrap Up

-What was your something that you learned in the unit? What other points do you want to share about the unit?
a. I learned how the great philosophers (Aristotle, Plato, Locke) contributed much to the scientific process of psychology. How the scientific process is disected and used to back up much of psychology's studies and it is more concrete of a science than most people think.
b. The human mind can be studied and disected and analyzed until scientists finally tire because it is ever changing, but no matter what happens, the soul is forever the same.

Tuesday, June 06, 2006

YaY! my FiRst post!

I also have http://www.myspace.com/billypunk_thekid




-Johnny G